Hey, yo, all. How’s the GED math goin’ on? Last time, I talked about problems with percent increase, and now let’s look at percent decrease. It be all about knowin’ what the question’s really askin’. Remember, I said, when it asks what’s the percent increase, what it means is:
What Percent OF the Original amount IS the Difference between the two amounts?
P × O = D
Percent decrease is pretty much the same thing. What percent of the original amount is the difference between the two amounts? Only difference in figuring it out is that the second amount is lower than the first, not higer. No sweat. The percent times the original amount still equals the difference. It’s just a decrease, not an increase. Get it?
Let’s look at it. Here’s a practice problem.
I filled up my car, so it had 15 gallons of gas in the tank. So, I drove out to my uncle’s house and back, and it took $18 in gas at $2 per gallon to fill up the tank. What was the percentage decrease in gas during the trip?
Did I get you with a tough one? More than jus’ one step here. Try to figure it out, then I’ll walk you through it…
Okay, here’s the deal. You need to do some steps to get the info you need to solve the problem… so what info do you need? Well, here’ s the formula we said….
P × O = D
Percent decrease (P) is what you’re tryin’ to find. Original value, you know that, it was 15 gallons, like the problem said.
P × 15 = D
But what’s the difference between the old amount of gas an’ the new one? Well, you gotta figure it out. It’s the amount of gas that got used, right? The info you have is that it took $18 at $2 per gallon to fill up the tank. How much gas can you get at $2 a gallon for 18 bucks? You know that, right? Divide 18 by 2, an’ you got 9 gallons. It took 9 gallons to fill up the tank, so the gas left at the end of the trip was 6 gallons. The difference between the 15 gallons started with an’ the 6 gallons ended with is 9 gallons. Get it?
P × 15 = 9
So, the percentage decrease is 9 divided by 15, or .6
P = 9 ÷ 15 = .6
Now, you gotta turn .6 into a percentage, an’ you jus’ move the decimal point over two to the right. So’s it’s 60%.
P = 9 ÷ 15 = .6 = 60%
The guy used 60% of his gas on the trip.
Knowin’ what a percent increase or decrease problem is askin’ is the big thing, and bein’ able to think through word problems. Let me know if you got any GED math that’s givin’ you a problem, an’ I’ll help you out.
For more information about the GED test and GED test preparation, visit the GED Academy at http://www.passGED.com.